Advice & Support
Understanding Incontinence

Relationship Between Incontinence and Bladder Cancer

Published by Jane Granger
Relationship Between Incontinence and Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that affects the tissues of the bladder. While it's not as common as other types of cancer, it's still a serious condition to look out for, especially as you get older. In fact, changes in your urination habits, such as incontinence, should be investigated by a doctor, regardless of your age or gender.

Risk Factors for Bladder Cancer

So, what are the risk factors for bladder cancer? Age is one of them, as is smoking. If you smoke, you're damaging the lining of your bladder, which increases your risk of developing bladder cancer. Also, certain occupations that involve working with chemicals known as aromatic amines, like in the dye or rubber industries, can put you at a higher risk of developing bladder cancer. However, preventative steps can be taken to avoid contamination in the workplace.

Another risk factor for bladder cancer is the long-term use of indwelling catheters. While these can be helpful for people with certain medical conditions, they can also increase the risk of developing infections or inflammation in the bladder, which may lead to the development of cancer over time.

Incontinence and Bladder Cancer - Is It Related?

Interestingly, there's some evidence to suggest a link between incontinence and bladder cancer. While we don't fully understand the relationship between the two conditions, some studies suggest that there may be a link between stress incontinence and the development of bladder cancer. Stress incontinence is when the muscles and tissues that support the bladder and urethra weaken or become damaged, leading to leakage of urine during activities that increase pressure on the bladder. This repeated trauma to the bladder and urethra during episodes of stress incontinence may cause damage to the cells lining the bladder, making them more susceptible to developing cancer.

Regardless of the relationship between incontinence and bladder cancer, it's important to seek medical attention if you're experiencing symptoms of either condition. Symptoms of bladder cancer may include blood in the urine, pain during urination, or a frequent need to urinate. Symptoms of stress incontinence may include leakage of urine during activities that increase pressure on the bladder, as well as a frequent need to urinate or a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.


Your healthcare provider may recommend various diagnostic tests, such as a physical exam, urine tests, or imaging studies, to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms.


Treatment Options & Management

Treatment options for bladder cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these approaches. The choice of treatment will depend on several factors, including the stage and location of the cancer, as well as your overall health and personal preferences. Treatment options for stress incontinence may include lifestyle changes, such as pelvic floor exercises or dietary modifications, as well as medications or surgical interventions.

In addition to seeking medical attention for your symptoms, there are also steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing bladder cancer or incontinence. Quitting smoking, avoiding exposure to certain chemicals, maintaining a healthy weight, and staying hydrated can all help reduce your risk of developing bladder cancer. Similarly, pelvic floor exercises, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding constipation can all help reduce your risk of developing incontinence.

Remember, it's always better to be aware and take preventative measures than to wait for a problem to arise.